Surprisingly, the right to vote in a governmental election is NOT guaranteed by the US Constitution. One naturally assumes one has a right to vote, but history teaches us that assumption was not always well received.
It was not until 1870 that our country adopted the 15th Amendment preventing states and the federal government from interfering in the voting process on account of â€œrace, color, or previous condition of servitude.â€ This amendment is viewed as guarantying the right to vote to African American citizens, a right that did not previously exist.
Fifty years later, the 19th Amendment prohibited the use of oneâ€™s â€œsexâ€ as a voting qualification, thus leading to Womenâ€™s Suffrage.
But no where does the body of the Constitution, or any other amendment guarantee a federal right to vote to the general citizenry. Though some states provide a state constitutional right, arguably, a state or the federal government could attempt to regulate voting along the lines of a non-racial, non-gender based criteria, and not violate the US Constitution.