A Wisconsin bankruptcy court has held that same sex couples who both file chapter 7 are not required to add their incomes together for purposes of the bankruptcy “means test.” In this case, In re Roll, 2008 WL 5605001 (Bky.W.D.Wis. Nov. 10, 2008), the court observed that the Wisconsin Constitution prohibited same sex couples from marrying, and that the Federal Defense of Marriage Act commanded the courts of the United States to consider only opposite sex couples as being married. The court therefore refused the U.S. Trustee’s demand that the same sex debtors’ incomes be combined on Form B22A.
In Roll, the adult female chapter 7 debtors lived in the same household with the niece of one of the debtors. Both debtors filed separate bankruptcy petitions claiming a three person household. Each debtor’s annual income was less than Wisconsin’s median income for a three person household; however, added together as a married couple, their incomes would have exceeded the median annual income for a three person household.
The court quoted approvingly from In re Ellringer, 370 B.R. 905 (Bky.D.Minn.2007), and held that the incomes of same sex couples, or even unmarried opposite sex couples, were not to be added for purposes of the means test, unless the other party’s income was used for the household expenses of the debtor or the debtor’s dependents. In Roll, the U.S. Trustee had presented no evidence that this was the case. As such, both debtors’ incomes were below the median, and no means test analysis was required.
The court also held that the U.S. Trustee’s section 707(b)(3) “totality of the circumstances” dismissal request could not be granted unless it were premised on something other than the “ability to pay” test. “After finding that the debtor has no ability to pay pursuant to section 707(b)(2),” the court said, “it does not make sense to use an unspecified, court-crafted formula to conclude that the debtor does have an ability to pay.” Accordingly, to succeed in a 707(b)(3) motion, the U.S. Trustee would have to present other evidence of bad faith, such as recent cash advances or false bankruptcy schedules.
The court concluded by giving the U.S. Trustee a twenty day deadline to develop the record regarding the debtors’ payment of one another’s household living expenses, or regarding bad faith, or the court would enter an order denying the motion for dismissal under sections 707(b)(2) and 707(b)(3).
Latest posts by Craig Andresen, Minneapolis, MN, Bankruptcy Attorney (see all)
- U.S. Supreme Court to Hear Chapter 7 Junior Mortgage “Lien Strip” Case - March 22, 2015
- Another Appeals Court Approves 2nd Mortgage Stripping in Chapter 20 Cases - June 19, 2014
- Minnesota Property Tax Refunds Not Exempt in Bankruptcy, Appeals Court Says - May 22, 2014
- Bankruptcy Means Test: Student Loans Used to Obtain Dentistry Degree Not “Consumer Debts” Under Section 707(b) - March 2, 2014
- After-Acquired Property in Chapter 13: Whether to Amend the Schedules is No Longer in Doubt - November 29, 2013
Last modified: February 20, 2013